Eritrea marks 25 years of independence from Ethiopia this month. It is now one of the most underdeveloped countries in the world and is run by a repressive government. The Conversation Africa’s politics and society editor, Thabo Leshilo, asked Valerie Frank* to shed light on the secretive country as it marks this milestone.
The struggle for freedom is a reckless, foolish and sacrosanct adventure—so believed Albert Luthuli, president of the African National Congress from 1952-1968. A devour Christian, a man deeply committed to land and community, Luthuli saw the relationship between nation and its ideals as founded in shared values—not the ingratiated construct that beleaguers the nationalism playing out in South Africa today.
THE "ethnic fires kindled by the republican government will spread until this continent is destroyed irrevocably", said Gazankulu chief minister Hudson Ntsanwisi on May 9 1984.
He was responding to the apartheid government’s proposed spatial boundaries that had fuelled ethnic tensions between the Tsonga and Venda groups.
A youth in what appears to be school uniform throws a rock at what’s left of the Grabouw traffic department. Some schools were closed due to the protest.
Thousands of residents from the newly named Siyanyanzela informal settlement and surrounding areas in Grabouw set a vehicle alight and burnt down the local traffic department yesterday. They were protesting evictions and calling for better housing. Residents blocked the main road forcing traffic officers to close down a section of the N2 highway.
MORALITY keeps societies together — moralising can tear them apart. Which is why there is no point in denouncing people who set schools alight if you have no interest in why they do it.
Members of the party can no longer follow party orders to remain silent on Nkandla, writes Denis Goldberg
Dear Comrade Secretary-General
It seems to me that the demand from the national executive committee for silence in the ranks of the ANC is precisely the attitude that paved the way for the leadership, the NEC itself, the working committee, and the top six to allow our party to slide into disrepute.
It is no exaggeration to suggest that the legitimacy not only of President Jacob Zuma and the ANC, but also the notion of the liberation struggle itself is in shreds. For some of us, it was unthinkable that such an alliance of forces could degenerate into a moneymaking, lawless and violent operation represented by people who were prepared to trample on the values that we understood the movement to embody. Certainly, this did not happen overnight. The process leading to the present state of affairs has been long in the making.
The Constitutional Court has found that President Jacob Zuma was in violation of the constitution when he failed to comply with remedial action recommended by the the public protector's office and must pay back a portion of the money for the Nkandla upgrade.
Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng said: "The remedial action that was taken against the president has a binding effect."
READ THE FINDINGS IN FULL HERE
Is South Africa finally maturing to the point that the economic - not just political compromises of the 1990s democratic transition can be reconsidered? When engaging student activists, for example, University of the Free State rector Jonathan Jansen frets that
If [former President Nelson] Mandela gets any mention at all, it is as a sell-out, the man who led South Africa into a soft transition that left white privilege undisturbed and black poverty undiminished.